The question of establishing an international organization for the protection of the environment is as old as the history of the development of international environmental law as a new subject of international law. The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), which was established through a decision by the United Nations Conference on Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972, was conceived as a minimum institutional arrangement. Since then, several initiatives have been taken to elevate the status of UNEP as an international organization. Among various options, the possibility of transforming UNEP into a specialized agency or simply establishing a new agency within the UN system has been discussed on different occasions. In this article, institutional needs in this area will be discussed and the option of a specialized agency within the UN system will be commented on. The article will be published in vol. 50 of Environmental Policy and Law (2020).
Professor Said Mahmoudi contact and bio